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Patient prescribed or dispensed antibiotic for documented medical reason(s) within three days after the initial diagnosis of uri (e.g., intestinal infection, pertussis, bacterial infection, lyme disease, otitis media, acute sinusitis, acute pharyngitis...

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

  • Common Name: Antibiotic Prescription for URI
  • Technical Term: HCPCS Code G8709


This procedure involves prescribing or dispensing antibiotics to a patient who has been diagnosed with an upper respiratory infection (URI) and has documented medical reasons that warrant the need for antibiotics within three days of the diagnosis.


Medical Conditions Addressed
  • Intestinal infections
  • Pertussis (whooping cough)
  • Bacterial infections
  • Lyme disease
  • Otitis media (middle ear infection)
  • Acute sinusitis
  • Acute pharyngitis (sore throat)
  • Treat bacterial infections effectively to prevent complications.
  • Alleviate symptoms caused by the bacteria.
  • Reduce the duration of the illness and promote recovery.


  • Persistent or severe symptoms indicating a bacterial infection.
  • High fever, chills, or other signs of systemic infection.
Patient Criteria
  • Confirmed diagnosis of a specified medical condition (e.g., otitis media, lyme disease).
  • Evaluation by a healthcare provider determining that antibiotics are necessary within three days after the initial diagnosis.


Pre-procedure Instructions
  • No specific fasting or medication adjustments required.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about any allergies, especially antibiotic allergies.
Diagnostic Tests
  • Clinical evaluation and possibly laboratory tests (e.g., throat culture, blood tests) to confirm a bacterial infection.

Procedure Description

  1. Diagnosis Confirmation: Thorough evaluation by a healthcare provider to confirm the need for antibiotics.
  2. Prescription: Antibiotics are prescribed based on the infection type and patient-specific factors (age, weight, allergy history).
  3. Dispensation: If no contraindications, the antibiotics are dispensed with instructions for use.
Tools and Equipment
  • Prescription pad or electronic prescribing system.
  • Pharmacy for dispensation of antibiotics.
Anesthesia or Sedation
  • None required.


  • The process of diagnosing and prescribing typically takes one visit, usually within a few hours in a clinic or hospital setting.


  • Outpatient clinic or hospital setting.


  • Physicians, nurse practitioners, or physician assistants for diagnosing and prescribing.
  • Pharmacists for dispensing the medication.

Risks and Complications

Common Risks
  • Allergic reactions to antibiotics.
  • Gastrointestinal upset, such as nausea or diarrhea.
Rare Risks
  • Severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis).
  • Clostridium difficile infection (due to antibiotic use).
  • Monitoring for adverse reactions.
  • Modifying treatment if side effects occur.


Expected Benefits
  • Effective elimination of the bacterial infection.
  • Alleviation of symptoms within a few days.
  • Prevention of complications from untreated bacterial infections.


Post-procedure Care
  • Follow the prescribed antibiotic regimen completely.
  • Monitor for side effects and report any adverse reactions to your healthcare provider.
Recovery Time
  • Symptomatic improvement is usually observed within 48-72 hours of starting antibiotics.
Restrictions and Follow-up
  • No specific restrictions.
  • Follow-up appointments if symptoms persist or worsen.


Other Treatment Options
  • Symptomatic treatment without antibiotics (e.g., rest, fluids, over-the-counter medications) if it's a viral infection or non-severe bacterial infection.
Pros and Cons
  • Non-antibiotic treatments: Avoids antibiotic resistance but may not be effective for bacterial infections.
  • Watchful waiting: Monitors symptoms progression before prescribing antibiotics but delays treatment if necessary.

Patient Experience

During the Procedure
  • Typically a straightforward evaluation and prescription process.
  • Minimal discomfort involved.
After the Procedure
  • Patients should experience relief from symptoms in a few days.
  • Pain management and comfort measures include following the medication instructions and dealing with any mild gastrointestinal issues using probiotics or dietary adjustments.

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