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Cervical or vaginal cancer screening; pelvic and clinical breast examination

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Cervical or Vaginal Cancer Screening; Pelvic and Clinical Breast Examination (HCPCS Code: G0101)

Summary

This procedure includes a comprehensive screening for cervical and vaginal cancer through a pelvic examination combined with a clinical breast examination. It aims to detect early signs of cancer or other abnormalities in the pelvic region and breasts.

Purpose

This screening is essential for early detection of cervical, vaginal, and breast cancers. Early identification of cancerous or precancerous conditions allows for more effective treatment. The screening aims to prevent cancer progression and improve survival rates.

Indications

  • Women over the age of 21.
  • Women with a history of cervical, vaginal, or breast cancer.
  • Symptoms like unusual vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, or breast lumps.
  • Routine annual check-up as recommended by healthcare providers.

Preparation

  • Avoid intercourse, douching, or using vaginal medications for 48 hours before the exam.
  • Keep a list of current medications and medical history ready.
  • No fasting is typically required.

Procedure Description

  1. Clinical Breast Examination (CBE): The healthcare provider will visually and manually inspect the breasts for lumps, thickening, or other abnormalities.
  2. Pelvic Examination:
    • The patient will lie on an examination table with feet in stirrups.
    • The healthcare provider will perform an external examination of the perineal area.
    • A speculum is inserted into the vagina to allow visual inspection of the vaginal walls and cervix.
    • Cells may be gently scraped from the cervix (Pap smear) for lab analysis.
    • Bimanual examination involves the provider inserting two fingers into the vagina while pressing down on the abdomen to check for abnormalities in the uterus and ovaries.

Duration

The procedure typically takes around 15 to 30 minutes.

Setting

Usually performed in an outpatient clinic, gynecologist's office, or a primary care setting.

Personnel

The procedure is typically conducted by a gynecologist or a trained healthcare provider, such as a nurse practitioner or physician assistant.

Risks and Complications

  • Common: Discomfort or slight pain during the procedure, spotting or light bleeding afterward.
  • Rare: Infection, false positives/negatives in test results.

Benefits

  • Early detection of cancer and other abnormalities.
  • Increases chances of successful treatment.
  • Peace of mind with regular screening results.

Recovery

  • Usually, there is no significant recovery needed.
  • Normal activities can be resumed immediately.
  • Follow-up may be required if any abnormalities are found.

Alternatives

  • Self-breast exams: Recommended monthly for early detection of breast abnormalities.
  • HPV testing: Can be done along with or as an alternative to the Pap smear.
  • Colposcopy: Further examination if abnormal results are found.

Patient Experience

During the procedure, patients might feel mild discomfort, especially during the insertion of the speculum. After the procedure, light spotting or mild cramping can occur. Healthcare providers can give advice on pain management and ensure patient comfort throughout.

Medical Policies and Guidelines for Cervical or vaginal cancer screening; pelvic and clinical breast examination

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