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Antibody; cytomegalovirus (CMV)

CPT4 code

Name of the Procedure:

Antibody; Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Test


The Antibody; Cytomegalovirus (CMV) test is a blood test used to detect antibodies against CMV, a virus that can cause serious health issues in newborns and individuals with weakened immune systems.


This test identifies whether an individual has been exposed to CMV and has developed an immune response to the virus. It is particularly important for pregnant women, organ transplant recipients, and individuals with weakened immune systems.


  • Pregnant women to assess risk to the unborn child.
  • Individuals receiving organ transplants.
  • Patients with weakened immune systems.
  • People showing symptoms of CMV infection like fever, sore throat, fatigue, and swollen glands.


  • No specific fasting or medication adjustments required.
  • Inform your doctor about any ongoing medications and medical history.

Procedure Description

  1. A healthcare professional will draw a small sample of blood from a vein, usually in the arm.
  2. The blood sample is sent to a lab where it is tested for the presence of CMV antibodies.
  3. No tools or equipment beyond standard blood-drawing supplies are used.
  4. The procedure involves minimal discomfort and no anesthesia or sedation is required.


The blood draw typically takes about 5-10 minutes. Lab results can take a few days.


Outpatient clinic or hospital lab.


Phlebotomist (person trained to draw blood) or trained healthcare professional.

Risks and Complications

  • Minimal risks include slight pain, bruising, or bleeding at the puncture site.
  • Rarely, infection or fainting might occur.


  • Early detection of CMV exposure.
  • Helps in managing and reducing the risk of CMV complications in at-risk groups.
  • Results usually lead to timely medical intervention.


  • No downtime is required.
  • Patients can resume normal activities immediately after the blood draw.
  • Follow-up appointments may be scheduled based on test results.


  • PCR test for direct CMV viral DNA detection.
  • CMV culture test which involves growing the virus from a bodily sample.
  • Pros and Cons: The PCR test and culture test can provide more direct information about current infection status, but they may be more time-consuming and complex.

Patient Experience

  • The procedure involves minimal discomfort similar to any standard blood draw.
  • Some patients may feel slight pain when the needle is inserted and/or removed.
  • Any minor pain or bruising at the site can be managed with over-the-counter pain relief and should subside quickly.

Medical Policies and Guidelines for Antibody; cytomegalovirus (CMV)

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