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HCPCS code

Prophylaxis for Adults (D1110)

Name of the Procedure:

  • Common Name: Adult Dental Cleaning
  • Technical Term: Prophylaxis-Adult


Prophylaxis for adults, commonly known as a dental cleaning, is a preventive procedure performed by a dental hygienist or dentist to thoroughly clean an adult's teeth and gums. The procedure helps in the removal of plaque, tartar, and stains from teeth and maintains oral health.


  • Medical Conditions Addressed:

    • Prevents periodontal disease (gum disease)
    • Reduces the risks of cavities and tooth decay
    • Maintains overall oral hygiene
  • Goals:

    • Remove plaque and tartar buildup
    • Prevent tooth decay and gum disease
    • Promote good oral health


  • Presence of plaque and tartar on teeth
  • Early signs of periodontal disease like bleeding gums
  • Routinely recommended for maintaining oral hygiene, typically every six months


  • No special preparation is required.
  • Patients are advised to brush and floss before the appointment.
  • Inform the dentist of any existing medical conditions or medications.

Procedure Description

  1. Examination: Preliminary oral examination to assess dental health.
  2. Scaling: Removal of plaque and tartar from the teeth surfaces and gums using specialized tools like scalers and ultrasonic devices.
  3. Polishing: Teeth polishing to remove stains and smooth out the tooth surfaces.
  4. Fluoride Treatment: Application of fluoride gel or varnish to strengthen teeth enamel and prevent cavities.
  • Tools Used: Scalers, ultrasonic devices, polishing cups, and fluoride trays.
  • Anesthesia: Typically not required, may use topical numbing agents if needed.


  • The procedure typically takes about 30-60 minutes.


  • Performed in a dental office.


  • Dental hygienist or dentist.

Risks and Complications

  • Common Risks: Mild discomfort or sensitivity during and after the procedure.
  • Rare Risks: Gum irritation, bleeding, or infection (very rare).
  • Management: Use of gentle techniques and post-procedure care with rinses or medications if necessary.


  • Improved oral hygiene and health
  • Fresh breath
  • Prevention of cavities and gum disease
  • Positive effects are noticed immediately after the procedure.


  • Post-Procedure Care: Normal eating and drinking can resume immediately. Maintain good oral hygiene practices, like brushing and flossing.
  • Recovery Time: No downtime is required.
  • Follow-up: Regular dental check-ups and cleanings every six months.


  • Other Options:

    • Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing): For advanced periodontal conditions.
    • Home Care: Regular brushing, flossing, and use of mouth rinse.
  • Pros and Cons of Alternatives:

    • Deep Cleaning: More comprehensive but required for severe cases.
    • Home Care: Essential but not a substitute for professional cleaning.

Patient Experience

  • During the Procedure: Some patients may feel mild discomfort from the scraping and cleaning tools. Polishing is generally painless.
  • After the Procedure: Mouth may feel fresh and clean. Minor sensitivity or gum irritation might occur but typically resolves quickly.
  • Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain relievers can be used if necessary. Regular use of desensitizing toothpaste may help with any sensitivity.

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