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Single vitamin/mineral/trace element, oral, per dose, not otherwise specified

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Single Vitamin/Mineral/Trace Element Supplementation, Oral Dose (HCPCS Code: A9152)

Common Names:

  • Oral Vitamin Supplement
  • Mineral Supplement by Mouth

Technical or Medical Terms:

  • Oral Administration of Single Nutrient
  • Nutritional Supplementation, Oral Dose


This procedure involves taking a single dose of a vitamin, mineral, or trace element by mouth to supplement dietary intake. It is typically administered in a tablet, capsule, liquid, or powder form.


The primary purpose of this supplementation is to address deficiencies in specific vitamins, minerals, or trace elements. It helps maintain optimal health by providing essential nutrients that may be lacking in the patient's diet.


  • Specific Nutrient Deficiencies: Diagnosed through blood tests or clinical evaluation.
  • Dietary Insufficiencies: Inadequate intake due to dietary restrictions, absorption issues, or increased nutritional needs.
  • Medical Conditions: Conditions that require higher nutrient levels (e.g., pregnancy, chronic illnesses).
  • Symptoms: Fatigue, weakened immune system, poor wound healing, and specific symptoms related to nutrient deficiency.


  • Pre-Procedure Instructions: Generally, no specific preparation is needed for this procedure.
  • Diagnostic Tests: Blood tests to determine the specific nutrient deficiency may be required.

Procedure Description

  1. Prescription or Recommendation: A healthcare provider will recommend or prescribe the appropriate supplement and dosage.
  2. Acquisition: The patient obtains the supplement from a pharmacy or other healthcare provider.
  3. Administration: The patient takes the supplement orally according to prescribed directions, which may vary from once daily to multiple times per day depending on specific needs.


  • The time required to take the supplement is minimal, usually a few seconds to a minute.
  • Duration of the course depends on the deficiency severity, often ranging from weeks to several months or longer.


  • The procedure can be performed at home, under the guidance of a healthcare provider.


  • Prescribing Healthcare Provider: Doctors, nurse practitioners, dietitians, or pharmacists.
  • Patient: Responsible for self-administration of the supplement.

Risks and Complications

  • Generally low risk if taken as prescribed.
  • Possible complications may include mild gastrointestinal upset, allergic reactions, or interactions with other medications.
  • Taking excessive amounts can lead to toxicity or imbalances (e.g., hypervitaminosis).


  • Improved Health: Corrects specific nutrient deficiencies, boosting overall health and well-being.
  • Symptom Relief: Alleviates symptoms related to nutrient deficiency.
  • Preventative: Helps prevent further complications associated with long-term deficiencies.


  • Post-Procedure Care: Monitoring for side effects or adverse reactions.
  • Instructions: Follow the prescribed regimen and any dietary recommendations.
  • Recovery Time: Varies; patients may start feeling benefits within days to weeks.


  • Dietary Changes: Increasing nutrient intake through a balanced diet.
  • Multivitamin Supplements: Broader supplementation that includes multiple vitamins and minerals.
  • Intravenous Supplements: For severe deficiencies or when oral supplementation is ineffective or not feasible.

Pros and Cons of Alternatives:

  • Dietary Changes: Sustainable but may be difficult for some to achieve necessary intake.
  • Multivitamin Supplements: Broader coverage but may include unnecessary nutrients.
  • Intravenous Supplements: Fast and effective for severe deficiencies, but invasive and costly.

Patient Experience

  • During Procedure: Simple and quick; involves swallowing a pill, liquid, or powder.
  • After Procedure: Most people tolerate oral supplements well; any discomfort is usually mild and temporary.
  • Pain Management: Generally not needed, as the procedure is non-invasive and painless.

Medical Policies and Guidelines for Single vitamin/mineral/trace element, oral, per dose, not otherwise specified

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