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Non-prescription drugs

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Non-prescription Drugs (A9150) Common Name: Over-the-counter (OTC) medications
Medical Term: Non-prescription Pharmaceuticals


Non-prescription drugs, also known as over-the-counter (OTC) medications, are medications available without a doctor's prescription. They can be used to treat a variety of common ailments such as headaches, colds, allergies, and minor aches and pains.


Non-prescription drugs are used to address mild to moderate medical conditions or symptoms that do not require a prescription. The goal is to provide quick and effective relief from common health issues and minor ailments.


  • Headaches
  • Common cold symptoms
  • Allergies
  • Minor aches and pains
  • Heartburn and indigestion
  • Mild skin conditions


Generally, no special preparation is needed to use non-prescription drugs. However, it's important to:

  • Read the label and follow dosage instructions.
  • Check for potential interactions with other medications you are taking.
  • Consult with a healthcare provider if you have any underlying health conditions.

Procedure Description

  1. Identification: Determine the specific symptoms and select the appropriate OTC medication.
  2. Purchase: Buy the medication from a pharmacy or retail store.
  3. Usage: Follow the dosage instructions provided on the label. Use any provided tools (e.g., measuring cup for liquid medicine).
  4. Monitoring: Monitor for any side effects and relief of symptoms.


Using non-prescription drugs for symptom relief can vary:

  • Immediate relief for acute symptoms (e.g., pain relief within 30 minutes).
  • Continued use for chronic symptoms (e.g., daily use for hay fever during allergy season).


Non-prescription drugs are typically taken at home or wherever the patient is experiencing symptoms.


No healthcare professionals are needed for the administration of non-prescription drugs, although pharmacists can provide guidance.

Risks and Complications

  • Common Risks: Minor side effects like drowsiness or upset stomach.
  • Rare Risks: Allergic reactions or interactions with other medications.


  • Accessibility: Easily obtainable without a prescription.
  • Effectiveness: Provides quick relief for many common ailments.
  • Convenience: Can be used at home without needing a doctor's visit.


Recovery and symptom relief depend on the condition being treated:

  • Immediate relief from symptoms like headaches or minor pains.
  • Symptom management for ongoing conditions like allergies.


  • Prescription Medications: For more severe conditions that require a doctor's supervision.
  • Home Remedies: Natural or home-based treatments.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Adjustments like diet and exercise that can alleviate symptoms.

Patient Experience

  • During Use: Generally well-tolerated with clear instructions on usage.
  • After Use: Relief from symptoms and guidance on when to seek further medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen.
  • Over-the-counter painkillers can be effectively used with minimal discomfort if directions are followed precisely.

Pain management should be addressed by the medication used. If the symptoms are not managed effectively or adverse effects occur, consulting with a healthcare provider is advised.

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