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Repair of ectropion; suture

CPT4 code

Name of the Procedure:

Repair of Ectropion; Suture
Common names: Ectropion repair, Ectropion surgery


In this procedure, a surgeon corrects ectropion, a condition where the eyelid turns outward, exposing the inner surface. The repair typically involves sutures to reposition and secure the eyelid in its proper place.


Ectropion repair addresses the condition where the eyelid turns outward, often leading to eye irritation, dryness, and potential damage to the cornea. The primary goal is to restore the eyelid's normal position to protect the eye and improve comfort.


  • Chronic eye irritation or redness
  • Excessive tearing
  • Sensation of dryness or grittiness in the eye
  • Recurrent eye infections or inflammation
  • Visual impairment due to eyelid malposition


  • Pre-procedure instructions such as stopping certain medications (e.g., blood thinners) may be provided.
  • Patients may need to fast for several hours if general anesthesia is used.
  • A thorough eye examination and assessment of overall health may be required.

Procedure Description

  1. Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is typically administered to numb the area, though general anesthesia may be used in some cases.
  2. Incision and Adjustment: A small incision is made near the outer corner of the eyelid.
  3. Suturing: The surgeon tightens the eyelid muscles and tissues, using sutures to secure the eyelid in its proper position.
  4. Closure: The incision is closed with fine sutures, and a bandage may be applied.


The procedure typically takes about 1-2 hours.


Ectropion repair is usually performed in an outpatient clinic or surgical center, allowing patients to go home the same day.


  • Ophthalmic surgeon
  • Surgical nurse
  • Anesthesiologist (if general anesthesia is used)

Risks and Complications

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Scarring
  • Eyelid asymmetry
  • Recurrence of ectropion
  • Reaction to anesthesia


  • Relief from eye irritation, dryness, and discomfort
  • Improved eye protection and ocular health
  • Prevention of further damage to the eye
  • Enhanced visual function and appearance


  • Post-procedure instructions may include using antibiotic eye drops and keeping the area clean.
  • Patients may need to avoid strenuous activities for a few weeks.
  • Follow-up appointments will be necessary to monitor healing.
  • Complete recovery typically takes a few weeks, though most patients experience significant improvement within days.


  • Non-surgical treatments such as lubricating eye drops and ointments.
  • Mild cases may benefit from temporary measures like taping the eyelid.
  • Definitive non-surgical options are limited compared to surgical repair, which is considered more effective for long-term correction.

Patient Experience

During the procedure, patients under local anesthesia may feel slight pressure but no pain. Post-surgery, some discomfort, swelling, and bruising are expected. Pain management may include over-the-counter pain relievers. Most patients report improved comfort and vision within days as healing progresses.

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