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Eye patch, occlusive, each

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Common Name(s): Eye Patch
Technical/Medical Term: Occlusive Eye Patch (HCPCS Code: A6412)


An occlusive eye patch is a medical device used to cover and protect the eye. It is typically made of a soft material that adheres to the skin around the eye. The patch helps in treating various eye conditions by either blocking vision in one eye or protecting the eye from external irritants.


Occlusive eye patches are used to:

  • Treat and manage amblyopia (lazy eye)
  • Protect an injured or post-surgical eye
  • Allow medication to work without being disturbed by light or movement


  • Amblyopia (Lazy Eye): Encourages the use of a weaker eye by covering the stronger eye.
  • Post-Surgical Care: Protects the eye after surgery.
  • Injury Protection: Shields the eye from environmental factors and irritants during healing.
  • Corneal Abrasions or Ulcers: Prevents further damage and promotes healing.


  • No special preparation is usually required.
  • Patients may need to stop using certain eye drops or medications before applying the patch.
  • Ensure the area around the eye is clean and dry.

Procedure Description

  1. Clean the Skin: Clean the area around the eye to ensure proper adhesion.
  2. Application: Remove the protective backing from the adhesive part of the patch.
  3. Placement: Position the patch over the closed eye, ensuring it covers the entire area without causing discomfort.
  4. Secure: Press the adhesive edges gently to secure the patch in place.


  • Occlusive eye patch (usually pre-packaged and sterile)


  • Not required for this procedure


Applying the eye patch typically takes a few minutes.


  • Can be performed in various settings: outpatient clinics, eye care centers, or at home under medical advice.


  • Typically self-applied by the patient or applied by a caregiver.
  • Guidance may be provided by an optometrist, ophthalmologist, or a nurse.

Risks and Complications

  • Common Risks: Skin irritation from adhesive, slight discomfort
  • Rare Complications: Allergic reactions, infection if the eye area is not kept clean


  • Expected Benefits: Improved vision in the weaker eye, protection and faster healing of an injured or post-operative eye.
  • Timeframe: Benefits can vary; vision improvement in amblyopia may take weeks to months. Protection benefits are immediate.


  • Follow instructions for wearing duration (usually a few hours to a full day as advised).
  • Monitor for any signs of irritation or infection.
  • Regular follow-up appointments might be required.


  • Eye Drops/Ointments: Used for lubrication or medication without covering the eye.
  • Surgical Options: In some conditions, surgery may be considered.
  • Other Protective Gear: Safety goggles or shields as alternatives for eye protection.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros: Non-invasive, promotes healing, improves vision in amblyopia
  • Cons: Can cause mild discomfort or skin irritation

Patient Experience

  • During Procedure: Patient might feel the adhesive application, but there is no pain involved.
  • After Procedure: Some discomfort and mild inconvenience, skin may feel itchy or irritated. Pain management typically involves minor analgesics if needed.
Pain Management
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers can be used if necessary.
  • Cold compresses may alleviate skin irritation around the eye area.

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