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Physician supervision of a patient receiving medicare-covered services provided by a participating home health agency (patient not present) requiring complex and multidisciplinary care modalities involving regular physician development and/or revision...

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

  • Common Name: Physician Supervision of Home Health Care
  • Technical/Medical Term: HCPCS Code G0181 Procedure


This procedure involves a physician overseeing a Medicare patient who receives services from a home health agency. The patient is not present during the supervision. The physician is responsible for the development and/or revision of care plans, requiring complex and multidisciplinary care modalities.


  • Medical Conditions: Patients with chronic illnesses, post-acute care needs, or those requiring multidisciplinary care.
  • Goals: To ensure comprehensive and coordinated care plans are designed and updated, thereby improving patient outcomes and maintaining patient health at home.


  • Symptoms/Conditions: Chronic disease management, post-operative recovery, rehabilitation needs.
  • Patient Criteria: Patients already enrolled in home health services under Medicare, requiring interdisciplinary and complex care planning.


  • Instructions: No specific preparation needed from the patient's side as they are not physically present.
  • Diagnostic Tests: Physician may review recent medical records, health assessments, or diagnostic test results just before supervision.

Procedure Description

  1. Physician reviews the patient's medical history and recent health records.
  2. Coordination with home health agency's multidisciplinary team.
  3. Development or revision of the patient’s care plan based on current health status.
  4. Regular updates and modifications to care plan as necessary.
  5. Documentation of all decisions and care plan alterations.
  • Tools/Equipment: Medical records, health assessment tools, telecommunication tools for team coordination.
  • Anesthesia/Sedation: Not applicable.


Varies, typically ranges from 30 minutes to an hour per session.


Usually conducted in the physician’s office or remotely through telecommunication.


  • Primary: Physician
  • Supporting: Home health agency’s multidisciplinary team (nurses, therapists, social workers, etc.)

Risks and Complications

  • Common Risks: Miscommunication between healthcare providers.
  • Rare Risks: Inaccurate care planning due to outdated or incomplete patient information.
  • Management: Regular cross-checking of patient data and close communication with home health team.


  • Expected Benefits: Improved coordination of care, timely adjustments to care plans, enhanced patient health outcomes.
  • Realization Time: Benefits can be realized in short to medium term as care plans are regularly updated.


  • Post-Procedure Care: Continuous monitoring by home health team as per the updated care plan.
  • Recovery Time: Not applicable in the traditional sense; ongoing management for chronic or complex conditions.
  • Follow-Up: Regularly scheduled reviews and updates to the care plan.


  • Other Options: Home self-management, clinic-based care management.
  • Pros and Cons:
    • Home self-management may lack professional oversight, leading to risks of error.
    • Clinic-based care is less convenient and may interrupt daily living but provides direct professional supervision.

Patient Experience

  • During Procedure: Patient is not directly involved.
  • After Procedure: Patient may notice changes in care routines or management strategies. Should report any concerns to their home health team promptly.
  • Pain Management: Not applicable, but comfort measures may be adjusted based on updated care plans.

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