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HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Oral Evaluation for a Patient Under Three Years of Age and Counseling with Primary Caregiver (HCPCS D0145)


This procedure involves a comprehensive oral health evaluation for children under three years old, along with counseling for their primary caregiver. The dentist or pediatrician assesses the child’s oral health, checks for early signs of dental issues, and provides guidance to the caregiver on proper oral hygiene and preventive care practices for the child.


The primary goal of this procedure is to identify and address any early dental problems and to educate caregivers on maintaining their child’s oral health. This can help prevent future dental issues and instill good oral hygiene habits from an early age.


  • Child under three years exhibiting symptoms of oral discomfort or visible dental issues.
  • Routine oral health check-up as part of the child’s health care.
  • Preventive care visit to educate caregivers on oral hygiene practices.
  • Early examination to detect congenital dental abnormalities or early signs of decay.


  • No special preparations are required.
  • Caregiver should bring any relevant medical history of the child.
  • It's helpful for the caregiver to have questions prepared regarding the child’s oral health.

Procedure Description

  1. Initial Interaction: The healthcare provider (dentist or pediatrician) engages with the caregiver and child, making the child comfortable.
  2. Oral Health Examination: The provider performs a visual and physical examination of the child's mouth, checking gums, teeth (if any), and overall oral health.
  3. Counseling Session: The provider discusses findings with the caregiver, offering personalized advice on:
    • Brushing techniques and frequency.
    • Importance of avoiding sugary drinks and snacks.
    • Teething management.
    • Fluoride use.
    • Scheduling future dental visits.
  4. Documentation: The provider records the examination findings and care instructions.

Tools used include a dental mirror, gloves, and sometimes a flashlight. No anesthesia or sedation is necessary.


Typically, the evaluation and counseling session lasts about 15-30 minutes.


The procedure is usually performed in a dental office, pediatrician's clinic, or community health center.


Involved professionals include a dentist, pediatric dentist, or pediatrician, and sometimes a dental hygienist or nurse.

Risks and Complications

  • Low Risk: The procedure is generally safe with minimal risk.
  • Possible Issues: At times, the child may be uncooperative or anxious, which can be managed by patient and gentle handling.


  • Early detection and treatment of dental problems.
  • Caregiver education on proper oral hygiene practices, leading to better long-term oral health for the child.
  • Establishes a positive routine for regular dental visits.


  • No recovery time is needed as the procedure is non-invasive.
  • The caregiver should follow the provided oral hygiene guidance at home.


  • Delaying dental evaluation until the child has a full set of primary teeth, though this can increase the risk of undetected dental issues.
  • General pediatric check-ups that may not include specialized dental evaluation.

Patient Experience

  • During the Procedure: The child might feel curious or slightly anxious. Efforts are made to keep the child comfortable and engaged.
  • After the Procedure: The child and caregiver leave with a better understanding of oral health practices and feel supported in maintaining the child’s dental hygiene. No pain management is typically required.

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