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Tracheostomy/laryngectomy tube, stainless steel or equal (sterilizable and reusable), each

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Tracheostomy/Laryngectomy Tube Insertion: Stainless Steel or Equivalent (Sterilizable and Reusable)


The procedure involves inserting a sterilizable, reusable stainless steel or equivalent tube into the trachea (windpipe) or through a laryngectomy stoma (an opening in the neck after the removal of the larynx) to ensure an open airway for patients who have difficulty breathing.


This procedure is primarily used to address conditions that obstruct the airways, ensuring the patient can breathe effectively. It helps in providing a stable and maintainable airway for patients, reducing the risk of respiratory distress and associated complications.


  • Severe airway obstruction
  • Long-term ventilation support
  • After surgical removal of the larynx (laryngectomy)
  • Congenital or acquired airway abnormalities

Patients who are unable to maintain an open airway due to swelling, tumors, trauma, or chronic conditions may need this procedure.


  • Patients may need to fast for several hours before the procedure.
  • Medication adjustments, particularly blood thinners, may be necessary.
  • Preoperative assessments might include blood tests, imaging studies (like X-rays or CT scans), and a physical examination.

Procedure Description

  1. Anesthesia: The procedure is typically done under general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation.
  2. Preparation: The neck area is sterilized, and local anesthetics are administered if not under general anesthesia.
  3. Incision: A small incision is made in the neck.
  4. Tube Insertion: A tracheostomy or laryngectomy tube is inserted into the trachea through the incision.
  5. Securing the Tube: The tube is secured with sutures or a tracheostomy collar.
  6. Verification: Placement of the tube is verified, often using a bronchoscope.

Tools and equipment include sterilizable stainless steel (or equivalent) tubes, sterilized surgical instruments, and possibly a bronchoscope.


Typically, the procedure takes around 30-60 minutes, depending on the complexity.


The procedure is usually performed in a hospital operating room, but it can also be done in an outpatient surgical center equipped for such interventions.


  • Surgeon
  • Anesthesiologist
  • Surgical nurse
  • Respiratory therapist (optional)

Risks and Complications

  • Infection at the incision site
  • Bleeding
  • Damage to surrounding structures (nerves, blood vessels)
  • Tube dislodgement or blockage
  • Scarring and difficulty speaking or swallowing


  • Improved airway management
  • Reduced risk of respiratory complications
  • Enhanced quality of life through better breathing and oxygenation
  • Potentially immediate relief from symptoms


  • Post-procedure monitoring in a recovery room or ICU
  • Instructions on caring for the tracheostomy/laryngectomy site
  • Pain management typically involves medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen
  • Follow-up appointments to monitor recovery and tube maintenance


  • Non-surgical airway management (e.g., CPAP, BiPAP)
  • Medical therapy (e.g., steroids for swelling)
  • Laser surgery or stenting for airway obstruction

Each alternative has its own pros and cons. Non-surgical methods may be less invasive but could be inadequate for severe cases.

Patient Experience

During the procedure, patients under general anesthesia will be unconscious and feel no pain. Under local anesthesia with sedation, they may feel pressure but typically no pain. Post-procedure, they might experience discomfort, soreness, and require pain management. Adjustments to speaking, eating, and breathing patterns may be necessary, and patients will receive instructions and support for these changes.

By understanding the detailed aspects of a tracheostomy/laryngectomy tube insertion, patients and healthcare providers can better prepare and manage expectations for the procedure and recovery process.

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