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Als specialized service disposable supplies; iv drug therapy

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Specialized Service Disposable Supplies for IV Drug Therapy (A0394)


This procedure involves the use of disposable supplies specifically designed for intravenous (IV) drug therapy. These supplies facilitate the administration of medication directly into a patient's bloodstream through a vein, using sterile, single-use materials to ensure safety and prevent infections.


The purpose of this procedure is to administer medications that require direct and rapid delivery into the bloodstream. It is often used for patients needing antibiotics, chemotherapy, pain management, or hydration therapy. The goal is to effectively manage patient conditions by ensuring that medications are delivered in a controlled and sterile manner.


  • Acute or chronic infections requiring antibiotic therapy
  • Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy
  • Patients needing pain management through narcotic analgesics
  • Dehydration or electrolyte imbalances
  • Certain chronic conditions requiring regular IV medication delivery


  • Follow any specific instructions from your healthcare provider, which may include fasting.
  • Adjust regular medications as advised.
  • Ensure all necessary pre-procedure diagnostic tests, such as blood work or imaging, are completed.

Procedure Description

  1. Patient Assessment: The medical provider assesses the patient's condition and selects appropriate IV medication and supplies.
  2. IV Site Selection: A suitable vein is identified, typically in the arm.
  3. Sterilization: The IV insertion site is cleaned with an antiseptic solution.
  4. Insertion: A sterile needle and catheter are inserted into the vein.
  5. Medication Administration: IV medication is set up and administered using specialized disposable supplies.
  6. Monitoring: Throughout the infusion, vital signs and the IV site are monitored for any adverse reactions.

Equipment involved includes sterilized disposable IV catheters, syringes, needles, tubing, and medication delivery systems. Sedation or anesthesia is generally not required unless significant patient discomfort or anxiety is anticipated.


The entire procedure typically takes between 30 minutes to several hours, depending on the type and duration of medication being administered.


The procedure can be performed in various settings, including:

  • Hospitals
  • Outpatient clinics
  • Specialized infusion centers
  • Home healthcare environments


  • Registered Nurses (RNs) or Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs)
  • Physicians or Nurse Practitioners
  • Pharmacists (for preparing medications)
  • Home care aides (for home healthcare settings)

Risks and Complications

  • Minor risks: Discomfort at the IV site, minor bruising, or bleeding
  • Moderate risks: Infection, phlebitis (vein inflammation), or infiltration (fluid leakage)
  • Rare risks: Severe allergic reactions, blood clots, or air embolism

Management of complications includes stopping the infusion and providing immediate medical intervention if required.


  • Rapid and effective delivery of medications
  • Immediate therapeutic effects
  • Reduced likelihood of gastrointestinal side effects compared to oral medications
  • Controlled and monitored administration of drugs


  • After the medication administration, the IV site will be checked and the catheter removed.
  • Keep the insertion site clean and dry.
  • Follow any specific post-procedure instructions provided by your healthcare provider.
  • Arrange for follow-up appointments to monitor the underlying condition and any side effects.


  • Oral medications: Less invasive but slower absorption and potential gastrointestinal side effects.
  • Subcutaneous or intramuscular injections: Faster than oral but may still not match the rapidity and effectiveness of IV.
  • Intranasal or transdermal delivery methods: Depending on the specific medication, these may be options but are not as widely applicable as IV therapy.

Patient Experience

During the procedure, the patient might feel a mild pinch or discomfort at the IV site. Pain management and comfort measures include using topical anesthetics and ensuring a calm, supportive environment. After the procedure, patients might experience minor soreness or bruising at the site, which typically resolves within a couple of days.

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