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Culture, mycoplasma, any source

CPT4 code

Name of the Procedure:

Culture, Mycoplasma, Any Source
Common Names: Mycoplasma Culture, Mycoplasma Testing


A Mycoplasma culture is a laboratory test used to detect the presence of Mycoplasma bacteria in various types of body specimens, such as blood, sputum, urine, or tissue samples. Mycoplasmas are a group of bacteria that lack cell walls and can cause a range of infections in humans.


The purpose of this procedure is to diagnose infections caused by Mycoplasma bacteria. These infections can affect the respiratory tract, urogenital system, and other body systems. The goal is to identify the presence of Mycoplasma to guide appropriate treatment.


  • Persistent cough or respiratory symptoms
  • Urogenital symptoms such as pelvic pain or discharge
  • Suspected Mycoplasma infection based on clinical symptoms
  • Unexplained fever or systemic symptoms


  • No specific fasting or medication adjustments are typically required.
  • Depending on the source of the sample, the patient may need to avoid certain activities (e.g., urinating before a urine sample or brushing teeth before a throat swab).
  • The healthcare provider may request preliminary diagnostic tests or a clinical examination beforehand.

Procedure Description

  1. Sample Collection: A sample is collected from the suspected site of infection, such as a throat swab, urine sample, blood sample, or tissue biopsy.
  2. Laboratory Processing: The sample is sent to the laboratory, where it is cultured in a special medium conducive to Mycoplasma growth.
  3. Incubation: The sample is incubated for several days to allow any Mycoplasma present to grow.
  4. Observation: Laboratory technicians observe the culture for the presence of Mycoplasma colonies.

Tools and Equipment:

  • Sterile swabs, needles, or containers for sample collection.
  • Culture media and incubators in the laboratory.

Anesthesia or Sedation: Not applicable for sample collection.


The sample collection process typically takes a few minutes. The culture results may take several days to a week.


  • Outpatient clinic
  • Hospital laboratory


  • Nurse or medical technician for sample collection
  • Laboratory technician or microbiologist for culture processing

Risks and Complications

Common Risks: Minimal risk, primarily related to the sample collection site (e.g., slight discomfort during throat swab or minor bleeding at the blood draw site).

Rare Risks: Contamination of the sample, inaccurate results due to improper sample handling.


  • Accurate diagnosis of Mycoplasma infection.
  • Informed treatment decisions based on precise identification of the infecting organism.


  • Minimal to no recovery time required for the patient.
  • Follow any specific instructions provided by the healthcare provider regarding sample collection (e.g., rest after a blood draw).


  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing for Mycoplasma DNA
  • Serology tests to detect antibodies against Mycoplasma

Pros and Cons of Alternatives:

  • PCR Testing: Faster results, higher sensitivity. More expensive and requires specialized equipment.
  • Serology Tests: Useful for chronic or past infections. May not detect current active infections as accurately.

Patient Experience

During sample collection, patients might experience slight discomfort depending on the collection method (e.g., throat swab, blood draw). Post-procedure discomfort is minimal, and normal activities can usually be resumed immediately. Effective pain management and comfort measures are generally unnecessary as the procedure is quick and minimally invasive.

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