Search all medical codes

Incision and drainage, perianal abscess, superficial

CPT4 code

Name of the Procedure:

Incision and Drainage, Perianal Abscess, Superficial


An "Incision and Drainage" procedure for a superficial perianal abscess involves making a small cut in the abscess to allow pus to drain out. This helps reduce pain and swelling and promotes healing.


This procedure addresses perianal abscesses, which are collections of pus near the anus. The goals are to relieve pain, eliminate the infection, and prevent recurrence.


  • Swelling, redness, and pain around the anus
  • Fever or chills indicating infection
  • Difficulty sitting or walking due to abscess pain
  • Presence of a superficial abscess rather than a deeper, more complex one


  • Follow fasting instructions if sedation is planned.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about any medications you're taking.
  • Blood tests or imaging might be recommended to assess the degree of the abscess.

Procedure Description

  1. Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is applied to numb the area.
  2. Incision: A small cut is made over the abscess.
  3. Drainage: Pus is drained out to reduce infection and pressure.
  4. Cleaning: The area is cleaned thoroughly with an antiseptic solution.
  5. Dressing: A sterile dressing is applied to protect the area.


Typically takes about 15 to 30 minutes.


Performed in an outpatient clinic or surgical center.


  • General or colorectal surgeon
  • Nursing staff
  • Anesthesiologist (if sedation is used)

Risks and Complications

  • Infection at the incision site
  • Bleeding
  • Pain at the incision area
  • Recurrence of the abscess
  • Scar formation


  • Immediate relief from pain and discomfort
  • Reduced risk of further infection and complications
  • Promotes faster healing


  • Keep the area clean and dry.
  • Follow specific wound care instructions provided by your healthcare provider.
  • Expect mild soreness and discomfort, manageable with over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • Full recovery usually within 1-2 weeks.
  • Attend follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing.


  • Antibiotics for small, less severe abscesses (though may not be sufficient alone).
  • Abscess may resolve on its own but with increased risk of complications.
  • Imaging-guided aspiration for deeper abscesses.

Patient Experience

  • Mild discomfort or pressure during the procedure.
  • Pain relief once the abscess is drained.
  • Some soreness post-procedure, with pain management methods advised by healthcare providers.

Similar Codes