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Semi-reclining wheelchair, fixed full length arms, swing away detachable elevating leg rests

HCPCS code

Name of the Procedure:

Semi-reclining Wheelchair, Fixed Full Length Arms, Swing Away Detachable Elevating Leg Rests (HCPCS Code: E1100)


A semi-reclining wheelchair with fixed full-length arms and swing-away detachable elevating leg rests is a specialized mobility device designed to provide support, comfort, and ease of transfer for individuals with mobility impairments.


The device is used to assist individuals who have difficulty walking or maintaining a seated position due to various medical conditions. The goals are to improve mobility, comfort, and independence, as well as to prevent complications such as pressure sores.


  • Individuals with limited or no ability to walk.
  • Patients with conditions such as spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, or severe arthritis.
  • Patients requiring adjustments in leg elevation and reclining back support for extended periods.


  • No specific pre-procedure preparation is needed.
  • Ensure a proper wheelchair assessment by a healthcare professional to determine the suitable model and features based on the patient’s needs.

Procedure Description

  1. Assessment: Patient undergoes an evaluation by a healthcare provider to determine suitability for the semi-reclining wheelchair.
  2. Customization: The wheelchair is customized to the patient's body dimensions and specific needs (e.g., armrests, leg rests).
  3. Training: The patient and caregivers receive training on proper usage and safety measures.
  4. Usage: Patient uses the wheelchair daily, manually adjusting the recline and leg rest positions as needed.
  5. Maintenance: Routine checks and maintenance of the wheelchair are performed to ensure its functionality and safety.

Tools/Equipment Used:

  • Semi-reclining wheelchair (E1100)
  • Cushioning and support accessories, if needed


The initial assessment and fitting can take around 1–2 hours. Daily use of the wheelchair is ongoing.


  • Healthcare provider's office or specialized wheelchair clinic for the initial assessment and fitting.
  • Home, workplace, or community settings for daily use.


  • Physical therapist or occupational therapist
  • Rehabilitation specialist
  • Technician for wheelchair customization and maintenance

Risks and Complications

  • Potential for pressure sores if not properly cushioned and adjusted.
  • Risk of tipping over if the wheelchair is not used correctly.
  • Minor discomfort during initial adjustment period.


  • Improved mobility and independence.
  • Enhanced comfort with adjustable recline and leg rest features.
  • Prevention of pressure sores and other complications associated with immobility.
  • Enhanced quality of life through increased social interaction and activity.


  • No recovery period required; patients can use the wheelchair immediately after fitting and training.
  • Regular follow-ups with a healthcare provider to ensure the wheelchair remains suitable over time.


  • Standard wheelchairs without reclining or elevating leg rest features.
  • Power wheelchairs for individuals requiring motorized assistance.
  • Mobility scooters for those who have partial mobility but need assistance for longer distances.
  • Each alternative comes with its own set of advantages and limitations.

Patient Experience

  • Patients typically experience increased comfort and mobility.
  • Initial adjustment period to get used to manipulating the wheelchair features.
  • Pain management is generally not required, but physical therapists may provide exercises to prevent discomfort from long-term wheelchair use.

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